Seedsnipe of the High Andes
Birding the High Andes is no joke. If, like me, you have trouble breathing at sea level, consider bringing an oxygen tank. Florida, where I currently live, is many things. But high is not one of them unless you’re referring to a large percentage of the population. So, having been to Ecuador before, I knew that a few days in Quito and surrounds would be good for the old lungs before embarking on our quest for Seedsnipe. But even a week of acclimation and gallons of coca tea could not prepare me for life at 14-15,000 feet.
The upper Andes is stupendously beautiful
Seedsnipes are some of the world’s oddest birds. Their exact taxonomy is uncertain. Some suggest they are related to the Plains Wanderer of Australia. Others have suggested an affinity with jacanas and even Painted Snipes. What we can agree on is that they do not fit the shorebird stereotype. For these misfits of the shorebird world resemble grouse, partridge or even francolin rather than typical shorebirds. Also, unlike other shorebirds, they are herbivorous. There are four species of seedsnipes (Thinocoridae) and all are endemic to the Neotropical region, including Patagonia and the Andean zone. The four species are split equally into two genera, Attagis and Thinocorus (sounds like a dinosaur, doesn’t it?). We were in quest of the largest of all, an attagis called the Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe.
A Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe in the Andes
The upper reaches of the Andes is a harsh place. No doubt. But I was surprised by the diversity of life up here. To adequately experience the environment it is important to bird both the wet and dry paramo (grassland) of the upper Andes. Antisana is one of the better examples of dry paramo and is an excellent spot to nail down a whole bunch of signature high altitude species like Andean (Black-faced) Ibis, Carunculated Caracaras, Silvery Grebes, Andean Teal, Andean Gulls, Paramo Ground-tyrants and Andean Lapwings. And then there are birds with fantastical names like canasteros and cinclodes that eke out a living in this rarified atmosphere.
Looking at Silvery Grebes at Antisana
Papallacta Pass, an example of wet paramo, is one of the best sites for Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe and is only an hour’s drive from Quito. But the birds are more often than not found at 14-15,000 feet in this general area. This is not a problem if the birds are around when you drive up to the radio antenna at the top of one of the peaks. It is another thing entirely when you spend several hours walking the peaks spluttering like an old car.
I had literally given up and left my videographer Jeff and our Tropical Birding guide, Jose to search for the birds. I remember asking Jeff if he felt sick and his attempt at humor did not go down well. “I’m 6 ft 10 so I’m used to altitude. Being really tall has its advantages” was his ridiculous reply. I’m normally the last to quit searching for a bird and have frustrated many a cameraman and guide in my, often unreasonable, determination. But on this day I was done. The early signs of altitude sickness had taken their grip on my body due to the hours of physical exertion. I went back down to the car and walked even further down the slope to get to lower altitude. I found a nice soft patch of ground and closed my eyes.
After what seemed like an eternity I opened my eyes and started scanning instinctively. Nothing. And then I looked down and thought I was dreaming. A Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe was sitting frozen six feet from me and I did not have a camera. I flinched and it took off flying in ever-widening circles up the mountain-side. In flight, with its distinctive call and long, pointed wings, I could now see why this bird is a shorebird. Adrenalin kicked in and I gave chase only to watch the bird drop to the ground at the top of the peak right next to Jeff and Jose! That’s what birding is all about – chasing the unexpected. Mission Seedsnipe complete. Watch the full show below…