Jeff Gordon and I were wandering around the seriously disturbed habitat behind the airport hotel we stayed in outside of Budapest when a bizarre mammal about the size of an opossum crossed the path in front of us. “What the #*$% was that?!?!”

It turns out it was a hedgehog, a Northern White-breasted Hedgehog to be exact. Neither of us had ever seen any species of hedgehog and it is no wonder that we were both surprised and excited to see such a cool little creature. After all, North America has no native hedgehogs and seeing something so outside of our normal experience was pretty exciting, even if the little guy quickly headed for cover and refused to show itself for Clay Taylor, who came upon the scene a minute too late. Fortunately for those who want to see what Erinaceus roumanicus looks like, an even more cooperative hedgehog showed up the next day on the shores of Lake Tisza.

But before I get further into my close encounter with a hedgehog I think it makes sense to share a bit of general hedgehog information, especially for the Americans in our audience who, like me, might not know much about them. There are seventeen species of hedgehog found across Europe, Asia, and Africa, the only places where hedgehogs are native. New Zealand has a host of hedgehogs but they are introduced.

The most familiar hedgehog to Americans is probably the European Hedgehog E. europaeus, found throughout most of western Europe and parts of northern Europe as well, though the hybrids that are often sold in American pet stores might be even more familiar. The Northern White-breasted Hedgehog in this post was once considered a subspecies of the European Hedgehog and then it was considered a subspecies of the Southern White-breasted Hedgehog E. concolor once that was split from the European Hedgehog. It was only in the 1990s that Erinaceus roumanicus was elevated to species status. It is really no wonder, then, that Jeff and I had no idea exactly what species we were looking at when we first encountered it.

Anyway, the hedgehog that we spotted at Lake Tisza appeared down a dirt track from us while we were trying to focus on a fledgling Barred Warbler. Some of the western European birders remarked upon how white it was, which makes sense considering that the European Hedgehog that they are used to is typically darker. They also remarked upon how odd it was that it was walking out in the wide open so near to us – and then it kept coming closer and closer. Best. Hedgehog. Ever.

I will say, however, that several of the European birders took offense at my saying that the hedgehog was my best bird of the trip…there were even grumblings about it being like saying a White-tailed Deer was the best bird of a trip to North America, which I think is totally different but, yeah, I get the point. Fine, my best bird was a White-backed Woodpecker, alright?

My week-long trip to Hungary was a familiarity trip organized by the wonderful folks at Swarovski Optik to introduce their new line of superior spotting scopes, the ATX and the STX modular telescopes. We visited Hortobágy National Park, the Bükk Hills and places in between. Many thanks to Swarovski Optik for inviting me along and letting me experience both some awesome new optics and the natural wonders of the wonderful country of Hungary.


Written by Corey
Corey is a New Yorker who lived most of his life in upstate New York but has lived in Queens since 2008. He's only been birding since 2005 but has garnered a respectable life list by birding whenever he wasn't working as a union representative or spending time with his family. He lives in Forest Hills with Daisy and Desmond Shearwater. His bird photographs have appeared on the Today Show, in Birding, Living Bird Magazine, Bird Watcher's Digest, and many other fine publications. He is also the author of the American Birding Association Field Guide to the Birds of New York.