The Plume Hunter
I’ve just finished reading THE PLUME HUNTER (Torrey House Press, December 2011) by Renée Thompson. In this captivating book, Thompson explores the motivation behind hunters who shot birds to sell feathers for women’s hats at the turn of the nineteenth century. Set in the marshes of the Malheur and Lower Klamath regions of 1890’s Oregon, Thompson has crafted a story featuring Fin McFaddin, a plume hunter and the novel’s dark hero, and his best friend Aiden Elliott, a man stalwartly opposed to pluming. The men’s differences not only provide conflict, but propel a plot that expertly weaves both the horror and the appeal of pluming. Interesting to learn, for example, that in 1885 more than five million birds were killed in the United States for the millinery industry, and that in 1904 market hunters in Oregon killed over 120 tons of waterfowl for the restaurant trade in San Francisco, Portland, and Seattle. Some of the most prolific killing fields were in the marshes of the American West (I knew about Florida but was surprised at how widespread it was), where men shot birds such as grebes, terns, pelicans, snowy egrets, and great egrets. Plume hunters coveted the aigrettes – long trailing feathers on the egrets’ backs – for the money they brought. In 1903, pluming was so lucrative that an ounce of feathers fetched almost twice as much an ounce of gold.
Plume hunters in Klamath With permission Klamath County Museum
Most birders are at least familiar with some of these details, but what makes Thompson’s novel unique is her determination to delve into her characters’ motivations. What compelled these men, beyond desire for money, to kill birds? Thompson’s protagonist Fin McFaddin is, paradoxically, a bird-lover, and a lover of the great outdoors, as is Aiden Elliott. Hunting, however, fuels Fin’s soul, and so he must hunt, whereas Aiden Elliott comes to abhor the sport; to protect the birds, and to promote himself, Aiden becomes a prominent figure in the formation of the Audubon Society.
Complete bird on hat circa 1900
Thompson is a gifted writer, and her appreciation for, and knowledge of, the natural world is evident throughout her novel. Here’s an example of her ability to incorporate setting into character:
“Southeastern Oregon was a peculiar land. Gone were the fir canopies of Portland’s forest, the clouds of pewter and purple. This was a place of sagebrush and greasewood, of rim rocks and sharp stony edges. Here, the sky gleamed white as Heaven, and the lakes resembled oceans. Lower Klamath, a body of water that straddled Oregon and California, looked a great deal like Malheur, with its bulrushes and knotted channels. The country was similar too: the edge of beyond, the middle of nowhere, although Klamath was prettier. Junipers dotted the countryside and hills traversed the horizon. A man had the ability to breathe in the basin, to fill his lungs with something more meaningful than simple satisfaction. Fin hadn’t the talent that Aiden had to put it properly into words. All he knew was that he was in the midst of it all, thrilling to fall migration.”
All in all, I liked Thompson’s book, and am delighted to recommend it to birders and non-birders, alike.