Birders know why Alaska is known as The Last Frontier. Because when you’ve painstakingly built your life list over the years, visiting the corners of North America for specialties and pushing your ABA list to 600 or so, Alaska almost always remains as the last place a birder can visit where bucket-loads of lifers, the sort of haul you really only get in the early years, are still possible.

I’ve been fortunate enough to see a lot of the Lower 48. I’ve tackled Texas, collected in California, fooled around in Florida. I’ve even paid a few calls to Massachusetts in the dead of winter for finches and owls. But until this past month, I’d never been to Alaska. That all looked to change when I was called upon to help out with an ABA event on St. Paul Island, that rarity magnet in the middle of the Bering Sea. I had some friends in the Anchorage area who were generous enough to offer to put me up, and I made plans to arrive a day early so I could take in at least 24 hours on on-land boreal birding. The Anchorage area hosts a number of far norther species I could never hope to see in North Carolina, and I quickly pulled together a list of targets and my friends made a plan.

I’m not sure what I expected when I finally got a look at Anchorage, the largest city in Alaska. At 300,000 people, more or less, it’s really no bigger than the town I live in now though it’s reputation looms larger than the mid-sized every-ville of Greensboro, North Carolina. There are no large buildings, but it boasts a relatively cozy downtown and a big downtown airport, and certainly no city in the world can claim a view of the massive Denali looming on the horizon. But not far away are some incredible mountains, and true, unadulterated wild places. I was looking forward to seeing them.

We spent the morning cruising around some local hotspots in the city. I quickly picked up Mew Gull and Glaucous-winged Gulls as lifers as they were everywhere. There were a not insignificant number of apparent Herring x Glaucous-winged hybrids too, with black tips and pale mantles. A flock of the ever-present Black-capped Chickadees netted me a hoped for Boreal Chickadee, smaller, browner, shyer and vacating its perch a fraction of a second before I could get a photo. Fortunately, mountains don’t move.

About 40 minutes outside of Anchorage, and only a bare 20 minutes from my friends’ place in Eagle River, we visited the Eagle River Nature Center to try to pick up a few of the other northern specialties I was interested in. Gray Jay and Spruce Grouse were predicted to be regular there, and I was interested in crossing paths with either or both. As we headed down the trail, we were stopped from taking the long route by yellow tape and a sign warning of bears. In the fall, the Grizzlies take to the streams to lay waste to the post-spawning salmon, which look like nothing so much as fish zombies, half-decayed and ragged as they swim without purpose in the region’s many rivers.  We quickly came upon a pair of Gray Jays, a lifer, hopping through the technicolor birches and I set up to try to take a few photos when my companion yelled out, “BEAR!”


A mid-sized Grizzly Bear was slowly making its way along the opposite bank of the river. It seemed to pay no attention to us, nor the half-dozen other people who were watching it in awe from the observation deck at the nature center. When a pair of walkers with a dog came down the path, however, it paused to look them over. The dog barked, and the bear picked up the pace as it headed away from us, finally disappearing into the grasses around the bend. What an incredible experience.


High off the bear, and only a little chagrined that the Gray Jays bugged out in the interim, we continued down the trail. Rounding the corner, I paused when I saw a gray lump in the middle of the trail. A male Spruce Grouse, one of the more incredible birds I’ve ever seen, was camped out in the middle of the trail picking at seeds or rocks or whatever. I was instantly enthralled.


I understand that Spruce Grouse have a reputation for this sort of behavior, being unwary birds generally. But I was not prepared for this. The bird was no more then 30 feet away, close enough to fill the frame of my camera lens. A few people came up behind us, local Alaskans, and while they were pretty stoked to get so close to such a cool looking bird, I don’t feel like they completely grokked the situation. Maybe this is the sort of thing Alaskans deal with all the time, I don’t know. I can see why people come here and never leave, though.

Check out those crazy feathered feet!


Eventually we had to move on, so we walked up the trail shooing the grouse off to the side as we passed. It moved about 3 feet off the trail and watched us haughtily as we passed. Because that’s what animals do in Alaska. They’re just there, and the people in the Anchorage area just have to work their lives in around them. This is a place where moose wander through neighborhoods. Where the nearby military base has a pack of wolves on it. Where bears are loose and grouse wander around with impunity. It’s pretty great.

I was off to St. Paul the next day.

Written by Nate
Nate Swick is a birder. He grew up in the midwest but currently makes his home in Greensboro, North Carolina, with his wife and two young children, who are not yet aware that they are birders too. He has a soft spot for Piping Plovers and loves pelagics even when his stomach doesn’t, which makes him the quintessential Carolina birder. Nate is the editor of the ABA blog, host of the American Birding Podcast, and author of two books, Birding for the Curious and The ABA Field Guide to Birds of the Carolinas.