Thinking of releasing white doves to commemorate your wedding or the memorial of a loved one? Think twice, and do some research.

White doves: symbols of love, commitment, peace, hope, etc. However: they are not wild birds, and have no idea how to survive outside captivity. Where do they go after they fly away? This is an important question. If you are determined to release white doves at your ceremony, it is essential to make sure you can afford to hire people who will release strong, healthy birds who at least have a chance of returning home to their roost.

The only type of “white doves” capable of surviving an event release are white racing pigeons, technically known as “Rock Doves” (Columba livia). They are highly trained homing pigeons, which is why it costs more to hire a company that will deliver this type of bird, and to make sure they are released correctly. Reputable companies belong to the International White Dove Society or the National White Dove Release Society, organizations which set rules of conduct and ethics.

Ethics include things like not releasing doves in bad weather, near dusk, in dangerous areas, or keeping them for hours in a small cage while waiting for the perfect moment … things that would seem obvious to anyone who sees animals as sentient beings, but not necessarily to someone who views a basket filled with doves the same way they view a basket filled with rose petals.

Ethical businesses post notices on their websites stating that unless the released birds are properly trained and conditioned, they will not survive. Ethical businesses put small identification bands around their birds’ legs, so they can get them back if they become lost.

People who want to release birds on the cheap buy doves – usually Ring-necked Doves – from pet stores, and release them themselves. Ring-necked doves don’t fly well and have no survival skills. Once released, they will fly a short distance, land, then wait for someone to come feed them. After a few days they will die of starvation, unless a predator gets them first.

Sometimes this happens to racing pigeons, as well. Wildlife rehabilitators constantly receive lost racing pigeons who are starving, riddled with lice, and suffering from coccidia, trichinosis, or worms. If the birds are not banded, there’s no way to tell if they were released at a ceremony or if they’re racing contest pigeons who went off course (the racers who fly in homing contests are another whole subject).

Rehabbers can be a touchy group, and for good reason. Inundated with injured and orphaned wild birds, we then get the tame ones thrown out of flowered baskets as well. “Animals aren’t metaphors for people or their plans,” says Monte Merrick, a rehabber in California. “Why do this?”

“Mine are always found near the local funeral home,” says Maureen Eiger, in Virginia. “I picked up three doves AT a funeral home, they were sitting there in the parking lot. And weddings? They stopped throwing rice, now they should stop throwing birds.”


“Didn’t the Pope have an issue with this sort of thing recently?” asked Gay Frazee, on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, referring to the time Pope Francis released two white doves as a symbol of peace, and they were immediately attacked by a gull and a crow.

Kathryn Dudeck is a rehabber outside Atlanta. “There are tons of places here that do white dove releases – but I know of only one place that bands their birds, and will drive as far as they have to in order to retrieve a lost one.”

“There needs to be more awareness about this,” says Irene Rofheart Karlen, who is not a rehabber but probably should be. “Maybe people just don’t realize.”

It’s true: many people are so removed from the natural world that they don’t understand the consequences of their actions. I doubt anyone would want to begin their wedded life or celebrate the memory of a loved one by killing one or more gentle, lovely birds, however unintentionally.

“‘Professional’ or ‘ethical’ or whatever other pretty terms they want to slap on it, I’m still against releasing doves, butterflies, or – the worst offender – balloons for ANY occasion,” says Vonda Lee Morton, in Georgia. “Blow bubbles, people! Cheap, pretty, everyone can participate, and nobody gets hurt.”

Written by Suzie
Suzie Gilbert is a wild bird rehabilitator whose shameful secret is that on more than one occasion she has received a female LBJ, or a fledgling whatever, and has been completely unable to ID it. Luckily she has birder friends who will rush to her aid, although she must then suffer their mockery. She is the author of her bird-rehabbing memoir Flyaway (HarperCollins) and the children's book Hawk Hill (Chronicle Books). Her recent suspenseful, bird-filled adventure novel Unflappable (Perch Press) was selected by Audubon Magazine as one of their Three Best Summer Reads of 2020. She lives in New York's beautiful Hudson Valley and is always up for a good hike.