Coronado National Forest. Santa Rita Mountains. Madera Canyon.

Pre-Internet, I got all my birding info from print magazines; and WildBird was my go-to back in the day. One particular issue had a feature on the birds of Madera Canyon, Arizona. They claimed 15 species of bejeweled hummingbirds, 36 wood warblers, a Flame-colored Tanager, Greater Roadrunners (straight from the cartoon), and an oddly perched, metallic green-headed fellow called the ‘elusive’ Elegant Trogon. It seemed at the time that there was nothing to do but wrangle up a friend, pack the tent and newly purchased (red) Audubon Field Guide, and make that 1,000-mile road trip to look at the birds of Madera Canyon!


Acorn Woodpecker. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Rufous Hummingbird. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Phainopepla. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Calliope Hummingbird. Photo by © Mark Schraad


The mountain ranges in Coronado NF are nicknamed ‘sky islands,’ and climb from 3,000 feet to over 10,000 feet. They support such a diversity of habitats that the ecosystems are comparable to traveling from Mexico to Canada (National Forest Foundation). And, where there is flora diversity (prickly-pear cactus at the bottom and Douglas fir at the top), there is fauna diversity. Up to 256 bird species, deer, black bears, foxes, big cats, Gila Monsters, and 16 species of bats call this area of southeastern Arizona home. (The Friends of Madera Canyon group publishes a good bird checklist.)


Peregrine Falcon. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Cooper’s Hawk. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Red-tailed Hawk. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Insider tip: For Madera Canyon camping, I stay in the Bog Springs Campground (unless it’s the apex of summer – too hot for me!). Amenities – shady sites, picnic tables, fire pits, grills, water and toilets available, pets allowed, and good access to trails and views.


Broad-tailed Hummingbird. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Say’s Phoebe. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Western Tanager. Photo by © Mark Schraad


Greater Roadrunner. Photo by © Robin Edwards


Santa Rita Mountains/Madera Canyon. Photo by Fredlyfish4 via Wikimedia Commons

For a peek at the lay of the land, there are some terrific Google walking maps of Madera Canyon online.

Final insider thought: Coronado NF is almost 2 million acres with eight Wilderness Areas. Extend your trip and explore the mountains, canyons, and valleys, searching for the many endemic species in one of the “single-most diverse mountain ranges in North America” (US Forest Service).


Coronado National Forest Wilderness Map. Courtesy of the US Forest Service


Well, E.T. is certainly an elusive bird. Despite many subsequent trips to ‘the southwest’, I’ve yet to spot either a male or female Elegant Trogon. And, with some luck, maybe a Flame-colored Tanager will pass through my field of vision. Next time!


Flame-colored Tanager. Photo by © Michael Todd


Elegant Trogon. Photo by © Michael Todd


For birding Arizona-style, memorize these three overlapping locations southeast of Tucson: Madera Canyon in the Santa Rita Mountains in the Coronado National Forest. That was my first official birding trip some three decades ago; and happily I haven’t been the same since.


(Featured image – Elegant Trogon. Photo by © Michael Todd)


Written by Angela Minor
Angela Minor’s first avian adventure involved a 1000-mile road trip just to look at hummingbirds. As a lifelong vagabond, she has lived, traveled, and birded across the continental U.S., Alaska, the Caribbean, and seven European countries over the past three decades. Freelance travel writer is her third career, following teacher and small business owner. She’s a regular contributor to several travel publications including Blue Ridge Country and Smoky Mountain Living, and writes feature articles for Ft. Myers Magazine, 3rd Act, and international cruise sites. She serves as a field editor with Birds & Blooms, the “Park Watch” Beat Writer for 10,000 Birds, and authors the state park birding series for Bird Watcher’s Digest.