After several game drives, once again we are at the front gate of the Gir National Park in the state of Gujarat. This park protects the largest remaining tract of dry deciduous forest in the west of India, offering visitors 37 species of reptiles, 38 species of mammals and, not to be forgotten – almost 300 bird species.
Still, for the majority of visitors, there seem to be only one species – some of the last of the 400 remaining Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica). Therefore, it is quite annoying to hear a common question from a passing Maruti Gypsy: “Have you seen the lions?” “Yes, we did – so what? We’re here for the birds!”
Lions aside, carnivores are represented by Leopard, Hyena, Jackal, etc., while herbivores are represented by Chital (above) and Sambar deer, Wild Boar, Nilgai antelope, etc. The largest reptile is the Indian Mugger Crocodile.
As a consequence, most of the guides know only mammals, and even those who claim to know birds will be able to show you only the commonest species, those that you have learned to ID on your Indian day one. Understandably, we were reserved when, once again, we were told that we will be accompanied by Manoj (read “j” like “ch”), an expert on birds who claim to be capable of showing us some more nocturnal creatures…
A flock of Crested Treeswifts is circling above us. Judging by the map in the field guide, they are not supposed to be here at all. Yet, they have – wings!
An open Gypsy follows dirt tracks through dry deciduous forest dominated with teak. Gir comprises diverse habitats, from open scrubland to both dry deciduous and tropical thorn forest and evergreen corridors along the rivers. Disinterested Gray Langurs await us in the next tree crown; one Black-rumped Flameback woodpecker is searching the branches, while one gorgeous Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher flies by. On the low acacia by the road, a Shikra keeps a watchful eye on us. The commonest large mammals of the park are smallish, spotted forest deer – Chitals, and we often encounter small herds. Several Indian Peafowl are searching dry leaves by the roadside. Being used to peacocks as decorative garden birds, I find it hard to recognize them as authentic wild birds.
We are crossing the ridge and entering the valley of one of the seven rivers of the park. In the dry season, surface water becomes hard to find and the park officials have created four larger dams, but also numerous small ones wherever the road crosses the river. At the bank of one such small dam, a Softshell Turtle basks in the afternoon sun, while one Oriental Magpie-Robin is searching the water edge. A low branch is decorated by a Green Bee-eater (above) and a tree top above it holds several Cattle Egrets. There is a Red-wattled Lapwing on a mud bar, while behind a dry bush… some bird is playing hide and seek with us… a lovely White-breasted Waterhen. After a positive ID, it flies to the protruded roots of a large tree, showing itself well in the soft sunlight.
A little bit further, while watching a large Sambar wallowing in the mudbath, Manoj points our attention to a Crested Honey Buzzard on one and a Changeable Hawk-Eagle on another tree. Maybe his reputation is not without a foundation?
Wild Boar stands next to the road, watching us without nervousness or fear. It belongs to the same species as those in Europe, but a smaller subspecies (Sus scrofa davidi). Underneath an arched branch, one familiar bird, a Common Blackbird female… but after a recent split in 2005 by Rasmussen and Anderton, it was elevated to a full species – Indian Blackbird (Turdus simillimus).
Three Indian Jackals are walking through a sunset. Visiting times are restricted to two and a half hours in the morning and evening, and a safari driver who overstays those times may be fined, so our driver increases the speed. Chitals are crossing the road, but we have seen too many of them to stop now. Occasionally we go so quickly that we may be posing a danger for jay-walking animals…
…and then, for no obvious reason, we suddenly stop! We have almost forgotten that Manoj has promised us some creatures of the night, when he raised his hand to point at three Mottled Wood Owls right above us, beautiful large Strix owls slightly amused by us. There is barely enough light for a photo.
And when our driver continues, we have a new respect for our guide and feel sorry that we had no chance to book his services for earlier drives. The only true bird guide among the numerous park guides, he was busy showing – mammals to the tourists (we are certainly not tourists – we are birders!).
After a short drive, we stop again and Manoj leads our eyes up a tree trunk, than a side branch and… to the Indian Nightjar lying low along the branch and melting into it with its camouflage plumage.
A longish drive – long enough to forget that he has actually promised us two owls. Yet, we stop again and Manoj points our attention to a hole half-way up a tree trunk: there is an Indian Scops Owl in it. Manoj really knows his owls.
There is no more reason to stop, se we go all the way, roller-coaster style, real danger for naive deer that prove wise enough to avoid us. Two owls and a nightjar! Gir is a fantastic birding area! In the words of Indian ornithologist Salim Ali, had Gir not been the Lion sanctuary, it would have been termed one of the finest bird sanctuaries in Gujarat.
We gave Manoj twice the usual and well-earned tip, promising to recommend him to other birders. Promise fulfilled.
Photos copyright © Dusanka Stokovic Simic & Dragan Simic
Our Gir checklist (3 days / 76 species), as compiled by dr Bruno Bruderer:
Grey Frankolin Francolinus pondicerianus
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Great Egret Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus)
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis
Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Oriental Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax / vindiani
Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus
Shikra Accipiter badius
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Common Sandpiper Tringa hypoleucos
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Laughing Dove (Little Brown Dove) Streptopelia senegalensis
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Collared Scops Owl Otus lettia (bakkamoena)
Mottled Wood Owl Strix ocellata
Spotted Owlet Athene brama
Grey Nightjar (Indian Jungle Nightjar) Caprimulgus indicus
Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata
(Lesser) Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
White-throated (-breasted) Kingfisher Halycon smyrnensis
Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker” Dinopium benghalense
Lesser Yellownape (-d Woodpecker) Picus chlorolophus
Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus
Yellow-crowned (-fronted) Wooodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
Dusky Crag Martin Hirundo concolor
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
White-browed Wagtail (Large Pied W) Motacilla maderaspatensis
Tickell’s (Pale-billed) Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchus
Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica
Long-tailed Shrike (Rufous-backed S) Lanius schach
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum
Rufous (Indian) Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Large-billed Crow (Jungle Crow) Corvus macrohynchos
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcomi
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striatus
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Tersiphone paradisi
Red-breasted (-throated) Flycatcher Ficedula parva
Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicata
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
(Indian) Blackbird Turdus (merula) simillimus
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Oriental White Eye Zosterops palpebrosus
Great Tit Parus major
Chestnut-shouldered (yell-thr) Petronia Petronia xanthocollis
Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica
Scaly-breasted Munia (Spotted Munia) Lonchura punctulata