Harper Lee famously wrote that it’s a sin to kill a Mockingbird.  Because they don’t do nothing but sing for us all day long, she said.  With all due respect to Ms Lee’s prodigious literary talent, she’s never had to deal with the Northern Mockingbirds in my neighborhood.  Not that I would ever go so far as to kill one – me and Atticus Finch have that much in common – but the Mockingbirds of Orange County, North Carolina, are hardly the innocent naifs Lee needs them to be to in her metaphor.  The pair that set up residence in the bushes outside my home seem to take great pleasure in mocking me, with near dead on imitations of Towhees, Carolina Wrens, and Great Crested Flycatcher, not to mention car alarms, motorcycles and garbage truck back-up alarms.  They are nothing if not talented.  Mimus polyglottos, indeed.

Northern Mockingbirds are distributed widely across the bottom half of the United States.  They are not uncommon birds anywhere they’re found because they’re so adaptable to the marginal habitat that exemplifies urban and suburban America.  But it’s in the south where they really come into their own.  We have a relationship with them, from Harper Lee’s classic to the fact that no fewer than five states, all in the south, have so honored the boisterous Mimid at their state bird.  The Mockingbird, garrulous and gray-clad, is as southern as Pecan Pie and car horns than play Dixie.

Yesterday afternoon, while my toddler son and I made our nightly post-dinner walk to the neighborhood playground, I watched as one of our neighborhood Mockers foraged in the grass nearby.  They scratch and stomp, like skinny gray robins chasing after bugs that flee before them.  This individual was even employing the spread-wing display, the two step motion in which the Mockingbird flashes the white batches in its wings as it slowly works over its patch.  There’s disagreement among ornithologists as to the nature of this little display, whether it’s territorial in nature or whether the flashing white is intended to scare up bugs hidden in the grass so that the Mocker can snap them up.

For what it’s worth, this individual was more or less alone in the lawn, nor did I see it strike at unseen invertebrates.  There were no scientific discoveries to make while playing with my kid on this day.

The mystery continues.  A secret only they know.  Maybe they have more in common with Boo Radley than I thought.


Written by Nate
Nate Swick is a birder. He grew up in the midwest but currently makes his home in Greensboro, North Carolina, with his wife and two young children, who are not yet aware that they are birders too. He has a soft spot for Piping Plovers and loves pelagics even when his stomach doesn’t, which makes him the quintessential Carolina birder. Nate is the editor of the ABA blog, host of the American Birding Podcast, and author of two books, Birding for the Curious and The ABA Field Guide to Birds of the Carolinas.