As I sit at my desk writing this post about the latest attempt at breeding for one of our pairs of Pied Oystercatchers I realise I have written 677 posts now for this website. This pair of Pied Oystercatchers are using the same nest site as last year, which does make it easy to find. The nest site has moved occasionally since I first observed one on Cable Beach in 2000. If there are changes to where people walk through the dune systems then they will adjust their nest site accordingly. This particular nest site is the furthest back from the beach during this time period and the individually marked male Pied Oystercatcher “A1” has been attempting to breed here since 2008.

This rocky area high up beyond the beach sand offers great camouflage and protection. The Pied Oystercatchers can see far and wide and monitor the area for threats from ground level and above. The photo below shows the actual nest with the eggs in, but that may not be initially clear to you, so I have underlined them in a copy of the photo below.

Eggs in a Pied Oystercatcher nest

I always walk by briefly to confirm the number of eggs, but it is very rarely more than two eggs in Broome. The colour variation can be quite extreme and there is always enough variation in the eggshell pattern to identify the individual eggs. I have also noted the eggs mostly appear to point in different directions, but they are also constantly being rotated by the parents. Both parents are responsible for the incubation, which takes twenty eight days.

Pied Oystercatcher eggs

It is Winter here in Northern Australia which means plenty of cloud-free blue sky and there are definitely worst places to be sitting for twenty eight days watching the world go by!

View from the nest site towards the Indian Ocean at Cable Beach

View from the beach looking back at the distant nest site

Very occasionally I observe “broken wing” display from this pair of Pied Oystercatchers. I suppose they know me! They will do it for other threats as a distraction to protect their eggs or chicks. A threat from above when they are nest-sitting tends to involve the adult going as flat as possible.

Pied Oystercatcher “broken wing” display

It is always obvious when the eggs are due to hatch, because both parents will remain at the nest rather than one being absent feeding. They can be two or three kilometres away, but if the nest-sitter calls the other one will soon arrive to help protect. I think they quite possibly have much better hearing than you would give them credit for. The male Pied Oystercatcher is standing guard whilst she does the sitting in this photo below.

Nest site

On my subsequent visit I was not surprised to see them still at the nest site, but it was not until I looked at my photos at home that I realised that I had a photo of a Pied Oystercatcher chick standing in the nest. Once again I have placed a copy of the photo below showing where the heavily camouflaged chick is.

Pied Oystercatcher adult and chick

I had walked widely around the area and taken a few photos and noticed that there was now one egg and one chick and of course they were still well camouflaged.

Pied Oystercatcher chick and egg at the nest site

Over the following days I would return to the beach and walk along the high tide mark. I could observe where the family had come down to the ocean at night on the big tides. The footprints in the soft sand showed their movements as they moved closer to the high tide area. I could see their preferred vegetation for hiding the chicks.

Pied Oystercatcher family footprints in the soft sand and down to the high tide mark

The two Pied Oystercatcher chicks were obedient and hid when they were told by their parents. They would sometimes choose different hiding spots and remain completely motionless until the parents made a different call and they knew that they could then come out. As an observer the small footprints that they made allowed me to quickly observe the hiding spot and move off.

Pied Oystercatcher chick hiding in vegetation

Pied Oystercatcher chick hiding beside a rock

Sometimes the two Pied Oystercatcher chicks would go to the same vegetation if they were close together. Often they would be with one adult each, but they had started to move North over a few days and walking together the chicks could hide together. Once again their footprints in the soft sand was a giveaway! You will note that the footprints are pretty large for a small bird, but they appear to hatch out ready for walking.

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Following the footprints brings you to the two Pied Oystercatcher chicks

The parents were moving North through the busiest section of Cable Beach, but trying to keep the chicks safe in the dunes.

Pied Oystercatcher parents

I wish I could have convinced the Pied Oystercatchers to not keep going North and try and get through the four-wheel drives, people and dogs. I understand they knew the food was better to the North and we all take risks, but……

Anyway, within days there they were. Alone. Nothing to do for a few days other than stand around on a rock together and contemplate another attempt at breeding. This is no different to any other year if you have followed my weekly posts over all of these years. Normally within ten days there will be two more eggs, another twenty eight days of sitting around watching the tide go in and out and then the hard work of protecting vulnerable chicks. 2014 was our most successful Pied Oystercatcher season with three chicks from one clutch surviving to fledge. One large Pied Oystercatcher family!

Contemplating another attempt at breeding in 2023

So, it is at this point that I hope over the past thirteen years of weekly posts from mostly Australia, but also other places that we have visited around the World, that you may have been inspired to travel and enjoy your local natural surroundings.

In January this year I did a post to enable you to find some of the posts that I have written more easily if you were wondering where you might like to go birding in Australia. I hope some of you may have explored some of these locations.

Other posts since then have been filed under “birding” and have involved mostly around Broome with a few recent visits to places around Melbourne.

My 677 posts are under Clare M and I will apologise now if some of the photos have been lost “in space” over the past thirteen years! It might be too wet one day to go out and you can read my posts. You’ll need to ask yourself why you didn’t get to Australia yet!

Anyway, thank you everyone for reading and keep on enjoying birding wherever you are in the World. Maybe one day our paths will cross……

Written by Clare M
Clare and her husband, Grant, have lived permanently in Broome, Western Australia since 1999 after living in various outback locations around Western Australia and Darwin. She has lived in the Middle East and the United States and traveled extensively in Europe. She monitors Pied Oystercatchers breeding along a 23km stretch of Broome's coastline by bicycle and on foot. She chooses not to participate in social media, but rather wander off into the bush for peace and tranquility. Thankfully she can write posts in advance and get away from technology!